Bamboo Mushroom Extract Benefits
The bamboo mushroom and other mushrooms have been a traditional source of natural bioactive compounds for centuries and components are used in the cosmetic industry. Numerous mushrooms and their ingredients have been known to be beneficial to the skin and hair. Compounds show excellent antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, skin whitening, and moisturizing effects, which make them ideal candidates for cosmetic products.
Today, there is a growing demand for cosmetics containing natural and/or organic ingredients, which are perceived as healthier, organic, and ecological. Thus, various substances extracted from mushrooms are now paving their way into cosmetics, such as ceramides, lentinan, schizophyllan, omega 3, 6, and 9 fatty acids, carotenoids, resveratrol, and others. Many different types of mushrooms possess potent antioxidant, as well as anti-inflammatory properties which are frequently used to address cosmetic concerns, such as fine lines, wrinkles, and uneven tone. Several types of mushrooms are incorporated in topical creams, lotions, ointments, and facial serums.
The bamboo mushroom (Dictyoptera indusiata or D. indusiata) is widely used in traditional medicine, functional foods, and skin care agents. Research studies of D. indusiata extracts showed good antioxidant potential, and significant anti-inflammatory activity in the decreasing of the nitric oxide, interleukin-1, interleukin-1, and tumor necrosis factor-α secretion from macrophage cells, and the effective collagen stimulation via MMP-2 inhibition.
Mushroom extracts are often cited as potent antioxidants and natural moisturizers because they can offer a slightly different set of absorbable nutrients than other typical ingredients like vitamin C, vitamin E, and others. They contain antioxidants, as well as compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties, which help treat many skin problems caused by inflammation and excessive free radical activity.
Wrinkle formation is one of the primary characteristics of skin aging. The major cause of fine wrinkles is the loss of structural protein (collagen) in the dermal layer of the skin. Elastase is a metalloproteinase involved in the degradation of elastin in skin aging and the inhibition or repair of wrinkle formation while matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are induced by collagen and elastin degradation. The methanol extract from the fruiting body of Dictyophora indusiata (bamboo mushroom) was evaluated for its anti-cholinesterase, skin anti-wrinkle, and melanogenesis inhibitory activity. The collagenase and elastase inhibitory activities of the extract were comparable with the positive control epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which suggested a good candidate for natural anti-cholinesterase and skin care agents.
Several mushrooms and their extracts are presently used or patented to be used as cosmetics products for their antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, skin whitening, and moisturizing effects.